In 1965, Joe Sutter was transferred from Boeing's 737 development team to manage the design studies for the new airliner, already assigned the model number 747. [186] However, orders for 36 -400F and -400ERF freighters were already in place at the time of the announcement. 939 km/h (507kt), *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models. ", "Historic 747 reaches grim end in South Korea", James Bond Casino Royale modified Boeing 747-XXX on show ahead of movie première, “Swedish Hotel Fashioned From An Old Jumbo Jet”, "Malibu 'Wing House' made of 747 plane parts", "The wing house – a house made out of an old Boeing 747",, Template Webarchive - collegamenti all'Internet Archive, Template Webarchive - collegamenti ad altri archivi, Voci con modulo citazione e parametro coautori, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. The payload bay had to be 17 feet (5.18 m) wide by 13.5 feet (4.11 m) high and 100 feet (30 m) long with access through doors at the front and rear. [224] The derivative would use more efficient unducted fan (UDF) engines (propfans) made by General Electric, be stretched (including the upper deck section) to a capacity of 500 seats, have a new wing to reduce drag, cruise at a faster speed to reduce flight times, and have a range of at least 8,700 nmi (16,000 km), which would allow airlines to fly nonstop between London, England and Sydney, Australia.[225]. O 747-100 carrega até 183.384 litros de combustível, o 200 e o 300 carregam até 198.393 litros e o 400 carrega até 216.847 litros. [130] The initial 747SR model, the -100SR, had a strengthened body structure and landing gear to accommodate the added stress accumulated from a greater number of takeoffs and landings. Overall, the 747 trijet would have had more payload, range, and passenger capacity than both of them. ", "Boeing and Cathay Pacific Airways Launch 747-400 Special Freighter. [43] Time was so short that the 747's full-scale mock-up was built before the factory roof above it was finished. [227], The 747-500X concept featured an increased fuselage length of 18 ft (5.5 m) to 250 ft (76.2 m) long, and the aircraft was to carry 462 passengers over a range up to 8,700 nautical miles (10,000 mi, 16,100 km), with a gross weight of over 1.0 Mlb (450 tonnes). [141] The -200 was the first 747 to provide a choice of powerplant from the three major engine manufacturers. TSFC may also be thought of as fuel consumption (grams/second) per unit of thrust (kilonewtons, or kN). During the final months before delivery of the first aircraft, the company had to repeatedly request additional funding to complete the project. ", "The Paris Air Show in facts and figures. [119][120], The 747 has redundant structures along with four redundant hydraulic systems and four main landing gears each with four wheels; these provide a good spread of support on the ground and safety in case of tire blow-outs. [201] The type's first test flight occurred on March 20, 2011. [99] The last 747-400s were completed in 2009. In January 2004, Boeing and Cathay Pacific launched the Boeing 747-400 Special Freighter program,[184] later referred to as the Boeing Converted Freighter (BCF), to modify passenger 747-400s for cargo use. [11], In 1963, the United States Air Force started a series of study projects on a very large strategic transport aircraft. During the 1970s and 1980s, over 30 regularly scheduled 747s could often be seen at John F. Kennedy International Airport. Boeing 747 orders and deliveries (cumulative, by year): Orders and deliveries through the end of November 2020, As of October 2020, the 747 has been involved in 166 aviation accidents and incidents,[245] including 63 accidents and hull losses[246] which resulted in 3746 fatalities. [126], The 747-100 was the original variant launched in 1966. This aircraft design would have combined the advanced technology used on the 747-400 with the foreshortened 747SP fuselage. La aerolínea British Airways anunció que se despide de su flota de Boeing 747, conocida con cariño como “La Reina de los Cielos”.Foto prensa Britrish. It was the first wide-body aircraft ever made. [91], Since the arrival of the 747-400, several stretching schemes for the 747 have been proposed. [163] After being made standard on the 747-300, the SUD was offered as a retrofit, and as an option to earlier variants still in-production. The Tehran–New York route, when launched, was the longest non-stop commercial flight in the world. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Boeing studied the development of a shorter 747 with three engines, to compete with the smaller Lockheed L-1011 TriStar and McDonnell Douglas DC-10. [89] Generally, the 747-400 held between 416 and 524 passengers. el Boeing YAL-1 es un sistema de láser instalado sobre un Boeing 747-400F concebido principalmente para la eliminación de misiles balísticos en vuelo? ", "Boeing's 747-8F lifts off on maiden flight", "Boeing Sets 747-8 Freighter Delivery Schedule for Mid-Year 2011", "Boeing pushes 747-8F delivery back to mid-2011/", "Airbus A350 XWB puts pressure on Boeing 777. A total of twenty -100BSRs were produced for ANA and JAL. [166] No production freighter version of the 747-300 was built, but Boeing began modifications of used passenger -300 models into freighters in 2000. The company considered locations in about 50 cities,[39] and eventually decided to build the new plant some 30 miles (50 km) north of Seattle on a site adjoining a military base at Paine Field near Everett, Washington. Apr 22, 2019 - 1,469 Likes, 18 Comments - @speedbirdhd on Instagram: “Airside with Cathay Pacific Boeing 777-300ER. ... desenvolvida para o Boeing 777 e sendo o seu motor de lanzamento. La capacidad está calculada en galones, pero al planear el consumo de combustible el cálculo se hace en libras. A Boeing acabou perdendo a concorrência, mas usou o modelo para fabricar uma aeronaves que o presidente da Pan Am insistia que a Boeing fizesse. The aircraft was to carry 295 passengers a range of 8,000 nmi (9,200 mi; 15,000 km). [12], The desire to keep the number of engines to four required new engine designs with greatly increased power and better fuel economy. Pertanto volare in Europa, in proporzione, costa di più che volare dall’Italia all’America, per esempio. [149][150], While the 747-100 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D-3A engines offered enough payload and range for medium-haul operations, it was marginal for long-haul route sectors. Se si vola verso l’Europa il biglietto costerebbe di più che volare verso l’America. [227] A third study concept, the 747-700X, would have combined the wing of the 747-600X with a widened fuselage, allowing it to carry 650 passengers over the same range as a 747-400. ", International Civil Aviation Organization, Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corporation, Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, repaired for service following a tailstrike, Boeing CX-HLS Model at Boeing Corporate Archives - 1963/64, Models of Boeing C-5A proposal and Lockheed's (Korean text, "Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, Partners in Freedom. [93], As Airbus progressed with its A3XX study, Boeing offered a 747 derivative as an alternative in 2000; a more modest proposal than the previous -500X and -600X that retained the 747's overall wing design and add a segment at the root, increasing the span to 229 ft (69.8 m). Boeing decided instead to pursue a shortened four-engine 747, resulting in the 747SP. The 747SP is 48 feet 4 inches (14.73 m) shorter than the 747-100. [94] Though the 747X design was less costly than the 747-500X and -600X, it was criticized for not offering a sufficient advance from the existing 747-400. RELACIONADO Cygnus, el brasileño que quiere superar al Cessna 172, entra en … In April 1966, Pan Am ordered 25 747-100 aircraft and in late 1966, Pratt & Whitney agreed to develop its JT9D, a high-bypass turbofan. [54] The problems delayed 747 deliveries for several months; up to 20 aircraft at the Everett plant were stranded while awaiting engine installation. ", "Red, White And Q Farewell For Qantas Aircraft. [9] In 1965, Joe Sutter left the 737 development program to design the 747, the first twin aisle airliner. [168] In 1985, just two years after the -300 entered service, the type was superseded by the announcement of the more advanced 747−400. [125] Virgin Orbit's 747-400, dubbed Cosmic Girl, carries the orbital-class rocket to cruise altitude, where the rocket is deployed and then carries its small satellite payload the rest of the way to space. [190] The aircraft is certified to carry only essential crew and not passengers. Other changes included adding more powerful engines and increasing the number of tires from two to four on the nose landing gear and from 16 to 20 on the main landing gear. [173] The 747-400 introduced a new glass cockpit designed for a flight crew of two instead of three, with a reduction in the number of dials, gauges and knobs from 971 to 365 through the use of electronics. Airbus competed with later variants with the heaviest versions of the A340 until surpassing the 747 in size with the A380, introduced in 2007. [148] Iran Air is the last civil operator of the type; its final 747-SP (EP-IAC) was to be retired in June 2016. [144] The aircraft was chosen by airlines wishing to serve major airports with short runways. [135], In 1986, two -100BSR SUD models, featuring the stretched upper deck (SUD) of the -300, were produced for JAL. May 2, 2019 - Welcome to The Boeing Company's official source for licensed aerospace photography, illustrations and videos. Boeing establece rangos máximos de 6100, 7900, 7700 y 7260 millas respectivamente para cada modelo de 747. [34][35] The wing's complex three-part flaps increase wing area by 21 percent and lift by 90 percent when fully deployed compared to their non-deployed configuration. The four-engine 747 uses a double deck configuration for part of its length. As increasing numbers of "classic" 747-100 and 747-200 series aircraft have been retired, some have found their way into museums or other uses. [30] The engine technology was thought to be capable of delivering double the power of the earlier turbojets while consuming one–third less fuel. [295] The aircraft entered the cultural lexicon as the original Jumbo Jet, a term coined by the aviation media to describe its size,[296] and was also nicknamed Queen of the Skies. [238] Delta flew three of its last four aircraft on a farewell tour, from Seattle to Atlanta on December 19 then to Los Angeles and Minneapolis/St Paul on December 20. Passenger, freighter and combination passenger-freighter versions of the -200 were produced.