Key posts in the party structure were appointed by Berlusconi or by his delegates. Il declino di Forza Italia. Following its first European election in 1994, Forza Italia MEPs formed their own political group in the European Parliament called Forza Europa. The first Berlusconi-led government had a short life and fell in December, when Lega Nord left the coalition, after disagreements over pension reform and the first avviso di garanzia (preliminary notice of an investigation) for Berlusconi, passed by Milan prosecutors. Anche il Nuovo PSI ha deciso di schierare i suoi candidati tra le liste azzurre. Non si può parlare dell'uomo più potente del mondo, il dittatore cinese Xi Jinping, senza prima conoscere la struttura politica dentro cui è nata... Scopri come i tuoi dati vengono elaborati, Tra privato e realtà: come funziona la sanità in America, Il battito d’ali di Biden causerà uno tsunami in Serbia, Il muro di gomma dell’Australia respinge l’immigrazione. Forza Italia in calo (6,6%) Prosegue la discesa di Forza Italia. However Claudio Scajola and most former Christian Democrats supported a more capillary-based organisation, to make participate as much people as possible, and a more collegial, participative and democratic decision-making process. The original idea was the so-called "light party" (partito leggero), intended to be different from Italian traditional, bureaucratic and self-referential, party machines. The party's anthem was sung in karaoke fashion at American-style conventions. The electoral results of Forza Italia in the 10 most populated regions of Italy are shown in the table below. Che cosa sono i due terremoti politici in corso nel M5s e in Forza Italia. With our book on welfare we tackle the needs of the weakest families. The political scientist Giovanni Orsina has defined Berlusconism, as he terms the ideology of Forza Italia and its leader, as an "emulsion of populism and liberalism", more specifically right-liberalism. Forza Italia fa parte del Partito Popolare Europeo. Before being merged into the PdL, Forza Italia had a president (currently Silvio Berlusconi), two vice-presidents (Giulio Tremonti and Roberto Formigoni), a presidential committee (presided by Claudio Scajola) and a national nouncil (presided by Alfredo Biondi). Throughout its existence, the party was characterised by a strong reliance on the personal image and charisma of its leader—it has therefore been called a "personality party"[22][23] or Berlusconi's "personal party"[24][25][26]—and the skillful use of media campaigns, especially via television. Even some former Communists were leading members of the party, such as national party coordinator Sandro Bondi and Ferdinando Adornato. Within the party there was a long debate over organisation. Il PPE è il nerbo dell’omonimo gruppo, e sostiene la maggioranza parlamentare sulla base di un’alleanza europeista con ALDE ed S&D. The party was founded in December 1993 and won its first general election soon afterwards in March 1994. Programma Forza Italia e Centrodestra 2018: la questione Europa. Deputato di Forza Italia fin dal 1994, è coordinatore del partito di Berlusconi in Lombardia ed è stato presidente della commissione parlamentare sulle Comunicazioni e membro della commissione di vigilanza sulla Rai. Foreign Minister, Cesare Previti Defence Minister, Alfredo Biondi Justice Minister and Giulio Tremonti (at the time an independent member of Parliament) Finance Minister. Anche perché alla fine Forza Italia è stata un po’ sedotta e poi abbandonata da Matteo Salvini. Contattaci: info@orizzontipolitici.it, © Orizzonti Politici - Credits: LGC Web Agency. The party was divided basically over ethical (between social conservatives and progressives), economic (between social democrats and some Christian democrats on one side and liberals on the other one) and institutional issues. Its leader was Silvio Berlusconi, four times Prime Minister of Italy. [39] In a couple of months Forza Italia became one of the leading Italian parties, achieving a large consensus through an accurate strategy of communication and pounding electoral spots aired by the Mediaset TV channels.[40]. In occasione del lancio della campagna elettorale, Forza Italia ha pubblicato un opuscolo programmatico (scaricabile qui, 48 pagine) che punta su questi temi: Il programma, in versione semplificata, è consultabile anche sul sito www.italiasvegliati.it. Forza Italia's organisation was based on the idea of a "party of the elected people", giving more importance to the whole electorate than to party's members. Negli ultimi tempi dai partiti notoriamente anti-euro si è registrato un maggiore ammorbidimento delle proprie posizioni a … The party used TV advertising extensively, although this was slightly restricted following 2000 by a law passed by the centre-left majority of the time. Its appeal to voters was based on Berlusconi's personality more than on its ideology or programme.[28]. In June 2013 Berlusconi announced the upcoming revival of Forza Italia, and the transformation of the People of Freedom into a centre-right coalition. However, the party obtained substantial successes in the 1995 Italian regional elections, both in the North (winning in Piedmont, Lombardy and Veneto) and the South (Campania, Apulia and Calabria). According to him, in the initial phase, both elements were represented about equally, only after 2000 pro-market liberal positions had receded in favour of more socially conservative ones. In national office, the government's popularity kept declining steadily year after year. Soon after the election Berlusconi formed his fourth government. Le parole del leader di Forza Italia It has been claimed that Forza Italia had no internal democracy because there was no way of changing the leader of the party from below (although the party's constitution makes it possible). Orizzonti Politici è un think tank di studenti e giovani professionisti che condividono la passione per la politica e l’economia. Pagine nella categoria "Politici di Forza Italia (2013)" Questa categoria contiene le 200 pagine indicate di seguito, su un totale di 291. the containment of political conflicts, after the hyper-politisation of Italian society during the "First Republic") and the identification of a "new virtuous elite". [60][third-party source needed]. [50], The "Secular Creed", that was also the preamble to the party's constitution, described the party in this way: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Forza Italia is a liberal party although not an elitist one, indeed a popular liberal-democratic party; it is a Catholic party although not a confessional one; it is a secular party, although not an intolerant and secularist one; it is a national party, although not a centralist one. The president was the party's leader, but a national coordinator was in charge of internal organisation and day-to-day political activity, similarly to the secretary-general in many European parties. Ma Forza Italia non ha voluto. È quanto rende noto lo staff del leader azzurro. Vice President of the President's Committee: This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 05:49. Forza Italia[nb 1] (FI; translated to "Forward Italy"[2][9][10][11][12][13] or "Let's Go Italy",[14][15][16][17]) was a centre-right[8] political party in Italy with liberal-conservative,[2][3][18][19] Christian-democratic,[4][8][20] liberal,[4][8][20][21] social-democratic[4] and populist[5][6][7] tendencies. Esibisce peraltro un logo che... Simbolo However, Berlusconi viewed "the people" as a pluralistic and diverse collection of individuals, not an ethnically, historically and culturally homogeneous unit.[69][70]. Movimento Politico Forza Italia. Sandro Bondi, a leading member of the party, wrote: Forza Italia considers liberal classics as Croce, Sturzo, Hayek and Einaudi as reference authors. Again all key ministerial posts were given to Forza Italia members: Interior (Claudio Scajola 2001–2002, Giuseppe Pisanu 2002–2006), Defence (Antonio Martino 2001–2006), Finance (Giulio Tremonti, 2001–2004 and 2005–2006), Industry (Antonio Marzano 2001–2005, Claudio Scajola 2005–2006) and Foreign Affairs (Franco Frattini, 2002–2004). It took four years until the first party congress was held. Forza Italia has imparted a deep cultural innovation, combining the language of the Church tradition with the liberal and reformist thought.[4]. The ideology of the party ranged from libertarianism to social democracy (often referred to as "liberal socialism" in Italy), including elements of the Catholic social teaching and the social market economy. The party was founded in December 1993 and won its first general election soon afterwards in March 1994. In 2004 European elections, Forza Italia was second place nationally, receiving 20.1% of the vote and returning 16 MEPs. Ma Paolo Romani è un pioniere delle tv private. In Italia comprende anche l’UDC e il Südtiroler Volkspartei altoatesino. Durante la crisi politica agostana che si è appena conclusa con la fiducia al Conte bis, nel caos che si è generato una voce non si è praticamente mai sentita tra i vari leader nostrani: quella di Silvio Berlusconi. Per questo – e per un numero considerevole di questioni che analizzeremo – i riverberi della... La società australiana è fortemente multiculturale: come riportato da Sbs, quasi un terzo della popolazione è nata all’estero. Additionally, National Alliance leader Gianfranco Fini was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister from 2004 to 2006, while Roberto Castelli, senior figure of Lega Nord was Justice Minister from 2001 to 2006. Il candidato ha aperto un proprio sito per seguirlo e conoscerlo meglio. Forza Italia si è data molto da fare con le alleanze elettorali: nelle sue liste candiderà membri dell’Unione di Centro, del Cantiere Popolare e di IDeA. The party did not join an existing group in the European Parliament, instead forming the new group Forza Europa, composed entirely of Forza Italia MEPs.[41]. Forza Italia fa parte del Partito Popolare Europeo. The "Secular Creed" of the party explains that FI was a party that primarily underlined freedom and the centrality of the individual, which are basic principles of both liberalism[61] and the Catholic social teaching, often connected in party official documents: We believe in freedom, in all its several and vital forms: in the freedom of thought, in the freedom of expression, in religious freedom, of every religion, in the freedom of association. [50] In a speech during a party congress in 1998, Berlusconi himself proclaimed: "our liberal vision of the State is perfectly in agreement with the Catholic social teaching". In the same year, the party scored well (25.2% of votes) in the European Parliament election of 1999. [80][81][82], Given the perceived use of government responsibility to advance Berlusconi's personal and Fininvest's business interests during the period of Forza Italia-led government, the political scientist Patrick McCarthy in 1995 proposed to describe Forza Italia as a "clan" rather than a reform-minded political party. [50][third-party source needed] The party was a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and presented itself as the party of renewal and modernization. Il gruppo parlamentare a cui era iscritto, EFDD, con ogni probabilità non... La Lista Members of Forza Italia were divided in factions, which were sometimes mutable and formed over the most important political issues, despite previous party allegiances. Associazione per il buon governo viene costituita, presso lo studio del notaio Roveda a Milano, il 29 giugno 1993 da alcuni noti professionisti, alcuni inseriti nelle aziende controllate da Fininvest, altri comunque vicini al fondatore e proprietario di quest'ultima, Silvio Berlusconi, tra i quali Marcello Dell'Utri, Antonio Martino, Gianfranco Ciaurro, Mario Valducci, Antonio Tajani, Cesare Previti e Giuliano Urbani . Eppure Silvio Berlusconi ha dichiarato alla stampa di auspicare una svolta a destra, proponendo un’alleanza con l’ECR (conservatori euroscettici) e con i sovranisti. Ultimissimi. On 31 July 2007 Berlusconi's protegee and possible successor Michela Vittoria Brambilla registered the name and the logo of the "Freedom Party" (Partito della Libertà) apparently with Berlusconi's backing. XVIII Legislatura (dal 23 marzo 2018) Composizione attuale. Sondaggi, Forza Italia vola: Silvio Berlusconi sfiora l'8% . It is decidedly a left-wing policy. Il nostro desiderio è quello di trasmettere le conoscenze apprese sui banchi universitari e in ambito professionale, per contribuire al processo di costruzione dell’opinione pubblica e di policy-making nel nostro Paese. According to Orsina, Berlusconism sanctified "the people" that embodied all virtues while being "betrayed" by the (old) elites, a typical element of populist ideologies. Forza Italia’s methods more closely resembled the American model, and utilized methods such as: stickering, SMS messaging, and mass-mailing of campaign material. [38] The case of Forza Italia was unprecedented as never before had a large political party been launched by a business corporation. [83] In 2004, ten years after the emergence of the party and during its second term in government, Mark Donovan summarised that this still might be an accurate description. VICARIO GELMINI Mariastella VICEPRESIDENTE BALDELLI Simone TESORIERE LAFFRANCO Pietro ALTRI MEMBRI ABRIGNANI Ignazio ANGELUCCI Antonio ARCHI Bruno BERGAMINI Deborah BIANCOFIORE Michaela BIANCONI Maurizio BIASOTTI Sandro BRAMBILLA … Continuando ad analizzare gli ultimi sondaggi politici vediamo poi la situazione dei partiti minori. We believe that the State should be the servant of the citizen and not the citizen the servant of the State. After the sudden fall of the Prodi II Cabinet on 24 January 2008, the break-up of The Union coalition and the subsequent political crisis paving the way towards a new general election, Berlusconi hinted on 25 January that Forza Italia would have probably contested its final election and the new party would have been officially founded after that election. Questo sito usa Akismet per ridurre lo spam. L'addio a Forza Italia dei deputati Carrara, Ravetto e Zanella è la notizia del giorno, politicamente parlando. Politica italiana Sondaggi politici elettorali 7 Dicembre 2020 12:14 di Tommaso Coluzzi In... Il Coronavirus ha messo in ginocchio i sistemi sanitari di tutto il mondo: interi ospedali sono sovraffollati, spesso carenti in fondi e personale. Silvio Berlusconi was sworn in May 1994 as Prime Minister of Italy in a government in which the most important cabinet posts were held by fellow Forza Italia members: Antonio Martino was Sondaggio politico. Gruppo FORZA ITALIA - IL POPOLO DELLA LIBERTA’ - BERLUSCONI PRESIDENTE PRESIDENTE BRUNETTA Renato VICEPRES. The establishment of Forza Italia was supported in terms of finance, personnel and logistics by Berlusconi's Fininvest corporation: The area managers of its advertisement branch Publitalia '80 (managed by Dell'Utri)[30] organised the selection of FI candidates, its marketing network staffed the opinion research centre Diakron that surveyed the "market potential" of the new party and the financial intermediaries of Fininvest subsidiary Programma Italia encouraged the launch of Forza Italia clubs. [46] In the 2008 general election the PdL won 37.4% and a majority in both chambers, thanks to the alliance with Lega Nord (8.3%). While Pera campaigned hard for the success of the boycott along with most FI members, both Berlusconi and Tremonti explicitly said that "abstention" was their personal opinion, not the official one of the party. [citation needed], In a 1999 study, political scientists Jonathan Hopkin and Caterina Paolucci likened the organisational model of the party to that of a business firm, describing it as having "a lightweight organisation with the sole basic function of mobilising short-term support at election time".